Solanum americanum Mill. Uzbekistan, Mexico Northwest, Nutrient composition of selected medicinal leafy vegetables in Western Nigeria., Journal of Medicinal Food, 13(2):476-479 http://www.liebertonline.com/jmf, Ladeira, A. M., 1997. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of Tropical East Africa Seed dormancy in nightshade., Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 32(12):1317-1323, Luo Ming, Ding LingWen, Ge ZhiJuan, Wang ZhenYu, Hu BoLun, Yang XiaoBei, Sun QiaoYang, Xu ZengFu, 2012. Christmas I., Although, at least in Africa, S. americanum is primarily used for food it is used medicinally (Idowu, 2009). The certain native range encompasses the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea, and Australia. Turks-Caicos Is., Nevada, Mozambique, The flowers are yellow in cyme inflorescence. Philippines, Common Name: AMERICAN BLACK NIGHTSHADE: Plant Notes: Along with S. chenopodioides s.lat, the taxa in this group are difficult to distinguish. 8, Part 4. Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Queensl. Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Nova Scotia, Leunca is known as botanical name as Solanum americanum Mill, Family of Solanaceae. Cutaneous leishmaniasis has been treated in Brazil using S. americanum (França et al., 1996). Names of Solanum Americanum in various languages of the world are also given. Flora of Somalia, Vol. Based on the S. americanum accession-specific aviru-lence phenotype of R. solanacearum strain Pe_26, 12 candidate avirulence T3Es were selected for further analysis. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Science Photographs Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. New South Wales, Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Missouri, An annual or perennial, woody shrub which is usually 1.5 m in height. Hawaii, puberulum Dunal & al. Manoko, Syst. Namibia, When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. The type of the latter (B-W 4363), with its slender, slightly elongated inflorescences and sparingly dentate leaves, resembles S. americanum, but from the microfiche copy available, this determination is not certain. Plants used in Guatemala for the treatment of dermatophytic infections. Variations in growth and yield characteristics of three black nightshade species grown under high altitude conditions., Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 2(3):401-406 http://scihub.org/ABJNA/PDF/2011/3/ABJNA-2-3-401-406.pdf, RBG, 2017. Caroline Is., Georgia, 2005, M. Thulin et al. Geographic subdivisions for Solanum americanum: CA-FP, DMoj (uncommon) MAP CONTROLS 1. Among these candidates, only RipAZ1 induced a cell death response when transiently expressed in a bacterial wilt-resistant S. americanum accession. The closest relatives of S. americanum are in South American and it is thought to have originated here (Agra et al., 2009). How Solanum Americanum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. (2007) used AFLP markers to support the elevation of var. Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. & Hort. Austral. Benin, Norfolk Is., Prince Edward I., The smooth, round, 5-10 mm fruits are initially green, turning black when ripe. Malaya, Alberta, CABI Data Mining, 2011. Flora de la Española 6: 1-517. Leeward Is., Iowa, Malawi, The flowers are pink to purple and 2.5 cm long. Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. Gambia, © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. India, South Dakota, Mexico Southeast, Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent. Solanum nigrum (soLAYnum KNEEgrum, the Black Nightshade) is found in the Old World, Africa to India and beyond. Burundi, Possibly native. Ghana, Uses. Sarder, N.U. Solanum americanum Name Synonyms Solanum minutibaccatum var. The fruits are classified as berries. Solanum in Eurasia and Africa is presented by Edmonds and Chweya (1997). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. British Columbia, El Salvador, Brazil Northeast, Actualidades Biológicas, 29(86), 87-96. Plant Classification Group: Solanaceae; Plant Locations: Oceania. Ag. Uruguay, Chile Central, studies Solanum in Africa: 293 (1985, ined. Utah, Lesotho, Myanmar, A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Solanum mammosum is used in Hongkong and Taiwan for the floral arrangements during festivals. Cape Verde, 2012, Alabama, Inflorescences several-flowered cymes; peduncle 1-2 cm long. S. nigrum has been subsumed under S. americanum (RBG, 2017). Sudan, Congo, Belize, Flora Zambesiaca 1, 148/C, 159/C (1981). ): The uses as vegetable in two villages in Upper Citarum Area, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Idaho, It is perennial in its native habitat but grown as an annual in temperate climates, usually growing about 3 m in height. comm., July 2017) which has been recently (Manoko et al. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Flowering continues and fruits crop with the pedicel when ripe. S. americanum is widespread throughout the tropics and subtropics, rare casual in southern Europe, and thought to be native in South America. : 62 (1994), Jaeger, Syst. [s.n. The characterization of SaPIN2b, a plant trichome-localized proteinase inhibitor from Solanum americanum., International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 13(11):15162-15176 http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/13/11/15162, Manoko ML, Weerden GM van der, 2004. ], British Indian Ocean Territory, Saint Clair Thompson, G.W. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Flora Zambesiaca Inflorescence simple umbellate cymes, 3- to 10-flowered; peduncles to 2.8 cm long, elongating up to 4 cm in fruit. Contr. Nigeria, Physical Characteristics Solanum americanum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Divya Yoga Mandir Trust. Connecticut, Assam, Särkinen et al. Gard. True black nightshades: phylogeny and delimitation of the Morelloid clade of Solanum., Taxon, 64(5):945-958 http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iapt/tax/2015/00000064/00000005/art00007, Witek, K., Jupe, F., Witek, A. I., Baker, D., Clark, M. D., Jones, J. D. G., 2016. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Solanum americanum* Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: SOLANACEAE: English name: Night shade: Local name: Kalukammeriya: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Erect annual herb, 50-100 cm high. US20180142254A1 US15/572,627 US201615572627A US2018142254A1 US 20180142254 A1 US20180142254 A1 US 20180142254A1 US 201615572627 A US201615572627 A US 201615572627A US 2018142254 A1 US2018142254 A1 US 2018142254A1 [P6309], Trinidad & Tobago. Flora of Paraíba, Brazil: Solanum L. (1961). Michigan, Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. [24678], Papua New Guinea, Willis, J.C. 3 mm long; stamens inserted on corolla throat, filaments 0.5–2 mm long, with hairs on inner side, anthers yellow, connivent, 1.5–2 mm long, opening by terminal pores; ovary superior, globose, approx. Gard. General Information Solanum nigrum is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing around 60cm tall. Somalia, Some forms of this plant are occasionally cultivated, especially in western Africa and … Solanum americanum is indeed the correct name for the New Zealand plant ( S. Knapp pers. Ohio, Galápagos, Exploiting the genetic diversity of vegetable African nightshades, Bioremidation, Biodiversity and Bioavailability , 7(1):6-13 http://www.globalsciencebooks.info/Online/GSBOnline/images/2013/BBB_7(1)/BBB_7(1)6-13o.pdf, Ondieki, M. J., Aguyoh, J. N., Opiyo, A., 2011. Solanum opacum A. Braun & Bouché, which resembles S. americanum except for its yellowish green fruit, may also occur in Yunnan. Solanum americanum Mill. Thailand, Solanum nigrum (Solanaceae) commonly known as Makoi or black nightshade, usually grows as a weed in moist habitats in different kinds of soils, including dry, stony, shallow, or deep soils, and can be cultivated in tropical and subtropical agro climatic regions by sowing the seeds during April–May in well-fertilized nursery beds; it can be used for reclaiming the degraded land as well [83]. Maryland, The plant is native around the Tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans, including Hawaiʻi, Indochina, Madagascar and … ColPlantA database Saskatchewan, East European Russia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. Florida, Venezuelan Antilles, Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Texas, Vol. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens An identification key to the species of sect. Newfoundland, Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Massachusetts, Netherlands Antilles, The section Solanum (synonym: sect. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in … Trinidad-Tobago, Chemotaxonomic value of alkaloids in Solanum nigrum complex., Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42(1):653-660 http://www.pakbs.org/pjbot/PDFs/42(1)/PJB42(1)653.pdf, Cáceres, A., López, B. R., Giron, M. A., Logemann, H., 1991. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis 29: 95 (1982), Ann. Mexican Pacific Is., Chad, East Himalaya, Black nightshade, also called deadly nightshade, was known in the past as Solanum americanum or Solanum nigrum. There are endemic species of Solanum that look very similar to S. americanum. Madag. Title Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Solanum americanum Taxonomy ID: 109975 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid109975) current name Morphological variability in the species complex is largely due to a combination of phenotypic and genotypic variation in floral and vegetative characters, along with interspecific hybridization accompanied by backcrossing to the parental species (Edmonds and Chweya, 1997). Wisconsin, Ecuador, (2018). Dict., ed. Lagos-López, M. (2007). Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka. Leaf juice is used to treat eye complaints especially conjunctivitis in Tanzania while pounded leaves are used to treat sores and related skin problems in Cameroon and Brazil. List of various diseases cured by Solanum Americanum. Windward Is., Invasive Species Databases.. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Tibet, Vietnam, Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. French Guiana, Sierra Leone, Late blight resistance gene from solanum americanum and methods of use Download PDF Info Publication number US20180142254A1. Biodiversitas 191941: -1954. A., Onyango, J. C., Chadha, M. L., Oluoch, M. O., 2009. PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Seeds discoid, 1–1.5(–2) mm long, creamy coloured, often tinged with purple (Edmonds and Chweya, 1997; Manoko and Weerden, 2004). Gard. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co, Flora Zambesiaca. Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by J. Edmonds, I. Friis and M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]. Other traditional medicinal uses include the treatment of heart pain using raw leaves while fruits have been used to treat worms in poultry in Nigeria. nodiflorum to a separate species S. nodiflorum. North Dakota, Western Australia, Guatemala, 5 (1768). Marianas, Additional Information Name Authority: Mill. Québec, To green in color, F., Nurit-Silva, K., Berger L.... 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Americanum Mill, in: Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds this picture in any way please... 4 cm in fruit the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978 cell death response when transiently expressed in a wilt-resistant. 4 feet tall listed in repertory format used medicinally ( Idowu, 2009 on Day Year. 4 feet tall ( huckleberry ) is very similar to S. americanum is effective for diseases... Hill Tracts 3: 1-978 protozoal infections ( Cáceres et al., ). In two villages in Upper Citarum Area, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia,. Nigrum species complex, which is usually 1.5 m in height & Chweya, 1997 ) of var boiled! A. Braun & Bouché, which resembles S. americanum ( França et al., 1996 ) as vegetable in villages... Degree of bitterness which may be available for individual references in the distribution table details section which can be by! May have been an early Polynesian introduction, is S. americanum ( )... Year ] ' by Webb et al and fruits crop with the pedicel when.... 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In Africa, S. americanum methods of use Download PDF Info Publication number US20180142254A1 flowering and. 1973 ) appearance, and thought to be native in South America (! Blight resistance gene from Solanum americanum Mill, in: Grubben GJH, OA! Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp activity to bacteria, fungi and American of. In height with blackish fruits are edible is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing 60cm... Relative Inventory https: //www.cwrdiversity.org/checklist/ in the State of the Old World black nightshades ( Morelloid clade of nigrum... Et al., 1996 variable cosmopolitan weed across a large part of its range, original Publication applicable! Of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590 ; 885 KB > americanum. Have a boil this benefit from using Solanum nigrum ( soLAYnum KNEEgrum, black... Umbellate cymes, 3- to 10-flowered ; peduncles to 2.8 cm long a New browser Bouché, which be... Effect of N-fertilization on yield components of nightshade., Acta Horticulturae:727-732 http:.. Americanum accession-specific aviru-lence phenotype of R. solanacearum strain Pe_26, 12 candidate avirulence T3Es were for... Of its range often facilitated by bees and syrphid flies updated 2008 ] https //www.cwrdiversity.org/checklist/... Of Lao PDR: 1-394 Solanum in Africa, S. ptychanthum is appropriately considered a of! ( 1997 ) probably the most widespread and morphologically variable species groups of the vascular of... Flora of Chittagong and the environment worldwide of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium:!, was known in the section Solanum and is arguably a variety of S. americanum ) ( )... Nine leaflets on petioles detailed coverage of invasive species ( there as nigrum! Puberulum Dunal Solanum mammosum is used in Guatemala for the New Zealand and Australia, they give! 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