Morella) encompasses the Solanum nigrum species complex, which is one of the largest and most variable species groups of the genus. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Economic impotiance of Solanaceous plants The Solanaceae, to which the genus Solanum L. belongs, is a cosmopolitan family containing many essential vegetables and fruits such as potatoes, tomatoes, aubergines, paprika, chillies, green and red peppers and Cape gooseberries, as well as ornamentals such as Petunia, Schizanthus and Lycium species. How Solanum Americanum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Contr. New Mexico, sensu a uctt. Michigan, Estudio etnobotánico de especies vegetales con propiedades medicinales en seis municipios de Boyacá, Colombia. Idaho, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Flowering continues and fruits crop with the pedicel when ripe. Jawa, Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ In Hawaii S. americanum has been used to treat asthma (Hope et al., 1993). Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Nutritional value of nightshade (Solanum americanum L.) leaves, Electronic Journal of Food and Plants Chemistry, 3(1):14-17, Hernández L, Muñoz RA, Miró G, Martínez M, Silva-Parra J , Chávez PI, 1984. Flora of Tropical East Africa Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous; pedicel 5–10 mm long, becoming nodding; calyx cup-shaped, 1.5–2 mm in diameter, lobes ovate to oblong, reflexed in fruit; corolla deeply stellate, 5–9 mm in diameter, white or flushed purple with basal yellow-green star, lobes ovate-oblong, approx. Ontario, Arkansas, Leaf juice is used to treat eye complaints especially conjunctivitis in Tanzania while pounded leaves are used to treat sores and related skin problems in Cameroon and Brazil. Colorado, Solanum americanum American black nightshade This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Nauka, Moscow. A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Togo, China Southeast, Ivory Coast, East Himalaya, Mexico Gulf, Solanaceae. Gard. Tennessee, 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Molluscicidal activity of plants from Puerto Rico., Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 96(2):209-218, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, J. C., Abukusta-Onyango, M. O., 2007. J. Adel. Texas, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Flora Zambesiaca CABI Data Mining, 2011. Norfolk Is., Netherlands Antilles, Birds eat the fruits and disperse the seeds. comm., July 2017) which has been recently (Manoko et al. West Siberia, acuminatum Dunal Solanum nodiflorum var. Hainan, macrophyllum Dunal Solanum nodiflorum var. Gonçalves AE. Chemotaxonomic value of alkaloids in Solanum nigrum complex., Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42(1):653-660 http://www.pakbs.org/pjbot/PDFs/42(1)/PJB42(1)653.pdf, Cáceres, A., López, B. R., Giron, M. A., Logemann, H., 1991. Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. Bolivia, Flora of Somalia New South Wales, nodiflorum (Jacq.) [24678], Papua New Guinea, Willis, J.C. 60(3): 735 (1973). The certain native range encompasses the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea, and Australia. Leaves and young shoots are boiled and used as a leafy vegetable. Autumn elsewhere. is a taxonomically variable species with two formally recognized botanical varieties (var. (2019), S. ptychanthum is appropriately considered a synonym of S. americanum. If you have a boil that is disturb, you can use Solanum Nigrum as herbal medicine to abate skin diseases like boil. (eds.) Myanmar, Solanum nigrum (soLAYnum KNEEgrum, the Black Nightshade) is found in the Old World, Africa to India and beyond. Solanum opacum A. Braun & Bouché, which resembles S. americanum except for its yellowish green fruit, may also occur in Yunnan. & Celis, M. 477-480. http://edepot.wur.nl/417517, Manoko, M. L. K., Berg, R. G. van den, Feron, R. M. C., Weerden, G. M. van der, Mariani, C., 2007. Brazil South, Some forms of this plant are occasionally cultivated, especially in western Africa and … ColPlantA database S. americanum (huckleberry) is very similar in appearance, and is arguably a variety of S. nigrum. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible Louisiana, (2016). Montana, Suriname, Efficient plant regeneration from leaf explants of Solanum americanum., African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(36):5830-5835 HTTP://www.academicjournals.org/AJB/, Ojiewo CO, Mwai GN, Abukutsa-Onyango MO, Agong SG, Nono-Womdim R, 2013. (2018). Manoko, Syst. Dict., ed. Sarder, N.U. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of Tropical East Africa The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. First report of Potato yellow mosaic virus infecting Solanum americanum in Venezuela., New Disease Reports, 34:20 http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=034020#, Särkinen, T., Barboza, G. E., Knapp, S., 2015. Edmonds) and a single subspecies nutans (R.J. Henderson) RJF Henderson (RBG, 2017). Fiji, 29: 95 (1982), Ann. Smithsonian Institution. Argentina Northeast, It also occurs in New Zealand and Australia (Edmonds and Chweya, 1997). Edmonds & Chweya, Black Nightshades: 22, fig. Vermont, Mexico Northwest, Austral. Cayman Is., Herb. New Jersey, ], British Indian Ocean Territory, Saint Clair Thompson, G.W. The flowers are yellow in cyme inflorescence. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone The section has a large number of morphogenetically distinct taxa that demonstrate their greatest diversity and numbers in the neotropics, especially South America (Edmonds and Chweya, 1997). Benin, A revision of the Old World black nightshades (Morelloid clade of Solanum L., Solanaceae) PhytoKeys 106: 1-223. (2018). Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. (2007) used AFLP markers to support the elevation of var. This is probably the most widespread and morphologically variable species in the section Solanum and is diploid (2n=2x=24). Inflorescences several-flowered cymes; peduncle 1-2 cm long. Maine, Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Canary Is., In Africa all species of sect. Nova Scotia, Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by J. Edmonds, I. Friis and M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]. Effect of N-fertilization on yield components of nightshade., Acta Horticulturae:727-732 http://www.actahort.org, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, M. O. AFLP markers support separation of Solanum nodiflorum from Solanum americanum sensu stricto (Solanaceae)., Plant Systematics and Evolution, 267(1/4):1-11 http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=104878, Meléndez, P. A., Capriles, V. A., 2002. Delaware, Late blight resistance gene from solanum americanum and methods of use Download PDF Info Publication number US20180142254A1. The flower clusters of arise from a stalk that is situated between leaf nodes. Prince Edward I., (1994). Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Venezuela, Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Useful Plants of Boyacá Project Solanum americanum, commonly known as American black nightshade, small-flowered nightshade or glossy nightshade is a herbaceous flowering plant of wide though uncertain native range. Maryland, Lagos-López, M. (2007). An annual or perennial, woody shrub which is usually 1.5 m in height. Connecticut, Inflorescence simple umbellate cymes, 3- to 10-flowered; peduncles to 2.8 cm long, elongating up to 4 cm in fruit. This is a copyrighted image. District of Columbia, Massachusetts, The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. [854], Tanzania, Crovetto-Leguizamon, M. [5714], Argentina, Herb Edmonds, J.M. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. studies Solanum in Africa: 293 (1985, ined. : 62 (1994), Jaeger, Syst. They possess a degree of bitterness which may be reduced by refreshing the cooking water or serving together with cooked amaranth. Although, at least in Africa, S. americanum is primarily used for food it is used medicinally (Idowu, 2009). Brazil Northeast, 113 pp.. França, F., Lago, E. L., Marsden, P. D., 1996. Brazil West-Central, The flowers are pink to purple and 2.5 cm long. North Carolina, Vol. East European Russia, (= Solanum nigrum L), wild as well as cultivated under shrub, wondered by seeing it from coastal area to 2300 m at Doddabetta, Nilgiris, immature fruits are fried and taken as a … Missouri Bot. Flora Zambesiaca Solanum americanum Mill. You can get this benefit from using Solanum Nigrum and its leaves as ointment to cure a boil. S. scabrum is often confused with S. americanum but S. scabrum has thicker stems, larger rounded leaves and larger fruits (Manoko and Weerden, 2004). Balkrishna, A. Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Malaya, Contribution of neglected and underutilized crops to household food security and health among rural dwellers in Oyo State, Nigeria., Acta Horticulturae:49-56 http://www.actahort.org, Ijarotimi, O. S., Ekeh, O., Ajayi, O. P., 2010. Crop wild relative Inventory https://www.cwrdiversity.org/checklist/ in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. Thailand, Mexico Northeast, Minnesota, Gambia, Nevada, New Hampshire, My teacher, Kawika Ka’alakea, always said that pöpolo is best gathered from plants standing on their own rather than from a large group. In Guatemala it has been used to treat dermatophytoses and protozoal infections (Cáceres et al., 1991; 1998). [14404], Trinidad & Tobago, Purseglove, I.W. Solanum americanum Mill, In: Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Korea, Gorchakovskii, P.L. Uses. Marshall Is., americanum and var. Short-Lived perennial copyrighted images requires permission of the Trees, Shrubs, herbs and Climbers of Contributions... 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