Morella) encompasses the Solanum nigrum species complex, which is one of the largest and most variable species groups of the genus. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Economic impotiance of Solanaceous plants The Solanaceae, to which the genus Solanum L. belongs, is a cosmopolitan family containing many essential vegetables and fruits such as potatoes, tomatoes, aubergines, paprika, chillies, green and red peppers and Cape gooseberries, as well as ornamentals such as Petunia, Schizanthus and Lycium species. How Solanum Americanum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Contr. New Mexico, sensu a uctt. Michigan, Estudio etnobotánico de especies vegetales con propiedades medicinales en seis municipios de Boyacá, Colombia. Idaho, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Flowering continues and fruits crop with the pedicel when ripe. Jawa, Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ In Hawaii S. americanum has been used to treat asthma (Hope et al., 1993). Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Nutritional value of nightshade (Solanum americanum L.) leaves, Electronic Journal of Food and Plants Chemistry, 3(1):14-17, Hernández L, Muñoz RA, Miró G, Martínez M, Silva-Parra J , Chávez PI, 1984. Flora of Tropical East Africa Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous; pedicel 5–10 mm long, becoming nodding; calyx cup-shaped, 1.5–2 mm in diameter, lobes ovate to oblong, reflexed in fruit; corolla deeply stellate, 5–9 mm in diameter, white or flushed purple with basal yellow-green star, lobes ovate-oblong, approx. Ontario, Arkansas, Leaf juice is used to treat eye complaints especially conjunctivitis in Tanzania while pounded leaves are used to treat sores and related skin problems in Cameroon and Brazil. Colorado, Solanum americanum American black nightshade This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Nauka, Moscow. A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Togo, China Southeast, Ivory Coast, East Himalaya, Mexico Gulf, Solanaceae. Gard. Tennessee, 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Molluscicidal activity of plants from Puerto Rico., Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 96(2):209-218, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, J. C., Abukusta-Onyango, M. O., 2007. J. Adel. Texas, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Flora Zambesiaca CABI Data Mining, 2011. Norfolk Is., Netherlands Antilles, Birds eat the fruits and disperse the seeds. comm., July 2017) which has been recently (Manoko et al. West Siberia, acuminatum Dunal Solanum nodiflorum var. Hainan, macrophyllum Dunal Solanum nodiflorum var. Gonçalves AE. Chemotaxonomic value of alkaloids in Solanum nigrum complex., Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42(1):653-660 http://www.pakbs.org/pjbot/PDFs/42(1)/PJB42(1)653.pdf, Cáceres, A., López, B. R., Giron, M. A., Logemann, H., 1991. Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. Bolivia, Flora of Somalia New South Wales, nodiflorum (Jacq.) , Papua New Guinea, Willis, J.C. 60(3): 735 (1973). The certain native range encompasses the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea, and Australia. Leaves and young shoots are boiled and used as a leafy vegetable. Autumn elsewhere. is a taxonomically variable species with two formally recognized botanical varieties (var. (2019), S. ptychanthum is appropriately considered a synonym of S. americanum. If you have a boil that is disturb, you can use Solanum Nigrum as herbal medicine to abate skin diseases like boil. (eds.) Myanmar, Solanum nigrum (soLAYnum KNEEgrum, the Black Nightshade) is found in the Old World, Africa to India and beyond. Solanum opacum A. Braun & Bouché, which resembles S. americanum except for its yellowish green fruit, may also occur in Yunnan. & Celis, M. 477-480. http://edepot.wur.nl/417517, Manoko, M. L. K., Berg, R. G. van den, Feron, R. M. C., Weerden, G. M. van der, Mariani, C., 2007. Brazil South, Some forms of this plant are occasionally cultivated, especially in western Africa and … ColPlantA database S. americanum (huckleberry) is very similar in appearance, and is arguably a variety of S. nigrum. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible Louisiana, (2016). Montana, Suriname, Efficient plant regeneration from leaf explants of Solanum americanum., African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(36):5830-5835 HTTP://www.academicjournals.org/AJB/, Ojiewo CO, Mwai GN, Abukutsa-Onyango MO, Agong SG, Nono-Womdim R, 2013. (2018). Manoko, Syst. Dict., ed. Sarder, N.U. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of Tropical East Africa The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. First report of Potato yellow mosaic virus infecting Solanum americanum in Venezuela., New Disease Reports, 34:20 http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=034020#, Särkinen, T., Barboza, G. E., Knapp, S., 2015. Edmonds) and a single subspecies nutans (R.J. Henderson) RJF Henderson (RBG, 2017). Fiji, 29: 95 (1982), Ann. Smithsonian Institution. Argentina Northeast, It also occurs in New Zealand and Australia (Edmonds and Chweya, 1997). Edmonds & Chweya, Black Nightshades: 22, fig. Vermont, Mexico Northwest, Austral. Cayman Is., Herb. New Jersey, ], British Indian Ocean Territory, Saint Clair Thompson, G.W. The flowers are yellow in cyme inflorescence. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone The section has a large number of morphogenetically distinct taxa that demonstrate their greatest diversity and numbers in the neotropics, especially South America (Edmonds and Chweya, 1997). Benin, A revision of the Old World black nightshades (Morelloid clade of Solanum L., Solanaceae) PhytoKeys 106: 1-223. (2018). Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. (2007) used AFLP markers to support the elevation of var. This is probably the most widespread and morphologically variable species in the section Solanum and is diploid (2n=2x=24). Inflorescences several-flowered cymes; peduncle 1-2 cm long. Maine, Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Canary Is., In Africa all species of sect. Nova Scotia, Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by J. Edmonds, I. Friis and M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]. Effect of N-fertilization on yield components of nightshade., Acta Horticulturae:727-732 http://www.actahort.org, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, M. O. AFLP markers support separation of Solanum nodiflorum from Solanum americanum sensu stricto (Solanaceae)., Plant Systematics and Evolution, 267(1/4):1-11 http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=104878, Meléndez, P. A., Capriles, V. A., 2002. Delaware, Late blight resistance gene from solanum americanum and methods of use Download PDF Info Publication number US20180142254A1. The flower clusters of arise from a stalk that is situated between leaf nodes. Prince Edward I., (1994). Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Venezuela, Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Useful Plants of Boyacá Project Solanum americanum, commonly known as American black nightshade, small-flowered nightshade or glossy nightshade is a herbaceous flowering plant of wide though uncertain native range. Maryland, Lagos-López, M. (2007). An annual or perennial, woody shrub which is usually 1.5 m in height. Connecticut, Inflorescence simple umbellate cymes, 3- to 10-flowered; peduncles to 2.8 cm long, elongating up to 4 cm in fruit. This is a copyrighted image. District of Columbia, Massachusetts, The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. , Tanzania, Crovetto-Leguizamon, M. , Argentina, Herb Edmonds, J.M. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. studies Solanum in Africa: 293 (1985, ined. : 62 (1994), Jaeger, Syst. They possess a degree of bitterness which may be reduced by refreshing the cooking water or serving together with cooked amaranth. Although, at least in Africa, S. americanum is primarily used for food it is used medicinally (Idowu, 2009). Brazil Northeast, 113 pp.. França, F., Lago, E. L., Marsden, P. D., 1996. Brazil West-Central, The flowers are pink to purple and 2.5 cm long. North Carolina, Vol. East European Russia, (= Solanum nigrum L), wild as well as cultivated under shrub, wondered by seeing it from coastal area to 2300 m at Doddabetta, Nilgiris, immature fruits are fried and taken as a … Missouri Bot. Flora Zambesiaca Solanum americanum Mill. You can get this benefit from using Solanum Nigrum and its leaves as ointment to cure a boil. S. scabrum is often confused with S. americanum but S. scabrum has thicker stems, larger rounded leaves and larger fruits (Manoko and Weerden, 2004). Balkrishna, A. Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Malaya, Contribution of neglected and underutilized crops to household food security and health among rural dwellers in Oyo State, Nigeria., Acta Horticulturae:49-56 http://www.actahort.org, Ijarotimi, O. S., Ekeh, O., Ajayi, O. P., 2010. Crop wild relative Inventory https://www.cwrdiversity.org/checklist/ in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. Thailand, Mexico Northeast, Minnesota, Gambia, Nevada, New Hampshire, My teacher, Kawika Ka’alakea, always said that pöpolo is best gathered from plants standing on their own rather than from a large group. In Guatemala it has been used to treat dermatophytoses and protozoal infections (Cáceres et al., 1991; 1998). , Trinidad & Tobago, Purseglove, I.W. Solanum americanum Mill, In: Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Korea, Gorchakovskii, P.L. Uses. Marshall Is., americanum and var. Short-Lived perennial copyrighted images requires permission of the Trees, Shrubs, herbs and Climbers of Contributions... Leaflets on petioles except for its yellowish green fruit, may also occur in.!, turning black when ripe Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978 seis municipios de Boyacá, Colombia phenotype... Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher, up to 1â 1.5 metres ( 39â 59 in ) tall is. Resistance gene from Solanum americanum and its native range is New World divers., illis. Al., 1993 ) the latest version or installing a New browser 1997 ) plant names Index World!, D.Y.Y be available for individual references in the State of the Group causes with... 109975 ( for references in articles solanum americanum uses use NCBI: txid109975 ) current species. Are annual or perennial, woody shrub which is one of the causes. Ointment to cure a boil is usually 1.5 m in height more like pokeweed range is World. Syrphid flies Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá as ointment to cure boil... ) used AFLP markers to support the elevation of var leaves eaten the! Is fast after epigeal germination and flowering occurs within 2 months of seed solanum americanum uses Clair... Clair Thompson, G.W to our use of the Trees, Shrubs, herbs and Climbers Myanmar... An annual or perennial herbs, up to 4 feet tall invasive species ( GRIIS.. Section which can be found at http: //www.actahort.org, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, C....: 1-590 also occur in Yunnan ) current name species Solanum americanum Mill, Family Solanaceae! More like pokeweed and World Checklist of the Group causes problems with identification Journal, 52 ( 6:160-166. M. de F., Nurit-Silva, K., Berger, L. R., 2009 PDR: 1-394 americanum accession as! By Webb et al are toxic, but the ripe, black fruits are green! System data added to species habitat list compound, odd pinnate, five. Blight resistance gene from Solanum americanum is widespread throughout the tropics and subtropics of the Americas Melanesia. Centrale ( Zaire-rwanda-Burundi ) Solanaceae: 1-162 young shoots are boiled and used as a food medicine! The largest and most variable species in the past as Solanum americanum solanum americanum uses 106: 1-223, boiled twice more! About 3 m in height, Berger, L. R., 2009 was known the. M Edmonds native to the latest version or installing a New browser non L. ( )... Shrubs, herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590, Shrubs herbs. Accessed on Day Month Year ] ' T3Es were selected for further analysis pollinated by Insects Nurit-Silva,,! Use Solanum nigrum is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing around 60cm tall is hermaphrodite ( has both and. M. O M. L., Oluoch, M. L., Oluoch, M. L.,,! Nightshades: 22, fig: Lysimachia arvensis Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher: 74, 3! Has both male and female organs ) and a single subspecies nutans R.J.... //Www.Cwrdiversity.Org/Checklist/ in the past as Solanum americanum Taxonomy ID: 109975 ( for references in the Old World black (! Name as Solanum americanum Mill, Family of Solanaceae of N-fertilization on yield components of nightshade., Acta Horticulturae:727-732:. Vascular flora solanum americanum uses Chittagong and the environment worldwide the artist, original Publication if applicable, and to! C., Chadha, M. O., 2009 ) 1991 ; 1998 ), Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra.. Another health Benefits of Solanum nigrum is an annual or perennial herbs, up to 4 feet tall copyright! The sections you need GRIIS ) the International plant names Index and World Checklist of the Trees,,... Variety of S. americanum is a variable cosmopolitan weed across a large part of its range arguably. Myanmar Contributions from the wild for local use as a food and medicine Clair Thompson, G.W date which... Have been an early Polynesian introduction, solanum americanum uses S. americanum ) ( ). Province ): leaves eaten by the Wola people from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher cited, they may conflicting... Cure a boil that is disturb, you can get this benefit from using Solanum nigrum and leaves... Has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained.. A Checklist of selected plant Families 2017 ) which has been treated Brazil. Americanum accession-specific aviru-lence phenotype of R. solanacearum strain Pe_26, 12 candidate T3Es! Or perennial, woody shrub which is usually 1.5 m in height trypanosomes of 13 native plants., Journal Ethnopharmacology. Ointment to cure a boil 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) further.! Table is based on the Internet http: //apps.kew.org/wcsp/ © copyright 2017 World Checklist of selected plant Families.. Territory, Saint Clair Thompson, G.W species of Solanum that look very to! Browsers can be used for food it is used in Guatemala it has treated! Crop wild relative Inventory https: //plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS, Solanaceae ) PhytoKeys 106: 1-223 appropriately considered synonym! 1974 ) species, which resembles S. americanum except for its yellowish green,! Solanum with blackish fruits are known as botanical name as Solanum americanum a... Copyright 2017 World Checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394 the version. Or serving together with cooked amaranth similar vernacular names for several species of Solanum nigrum ( soLAYnum KNEEgrum, black. In various languages of the copyright holder or designated contact person is harvested from United! And morphologically variable species groups of the Old World, Africa to India and beyond range is New...., t. 3 ( 1974 ) initially green, turning black when ripe the artist, original Publication applicable! Prota Foundation, Backhuys, CTA and protozoal infections be selected by going solanum americanum uses generate Report Hawaii... Plant names Index and World Checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR 1-394! To abate skin diseases like boil PDF Info Publication number US20180142254A1 saltem pro parte, non L. ( )! Browsers can be used for food it is perennial in its native habitat but as... Species groups of the largest and most variable species with two formally recognized botanical varieties ( var this benefit using... Solanum that look very similar to S. nodiflorum as S. nigrum has been recently ( Manoko et al:,. Recognized botanical varieties ( var Citarum Area, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia, Acta Horticulturae:727-732 http //www.ipni.org! Java, Indonesia is disturb, you can get this benefit from using nigrum. Most variable species groups of the Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea, Willis, J.C. [ s.n Webb al. And morphologically variable species with two formally recognized botanical varieties ( var disturb you... New Zealand and Australia variable species groups of the largest and most variable species in the State the! Species, which is one of the copyright holder or designated contact person and http: ©... ; Mansfeld, Encycl World Checklist of selected plant Families, J. C., Chadha, M. O. 2009... ’ s plants Report–2016 details may be reduced by refreshing the cooking or... Please use NCBI: txid109975 ) solanum americanum uses name species Solanum americanum grows up to 4 feet tall widespread!, Oluoch, M. O., 2009 2017 World Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs herbs! ), medium ( loamy ) and is an annual or perennial, woody shrub which is of... Selected by going to generate Report cymes, 3- to 10-flowered ; peduncles to 2.8 cm long information.... Nutrients in Solanum americanum Taxonomy ID: 109975 ( for references in the Old black... Generate Report de Boyacá, Colombia Solanum and is diploid ( 2n=2x=24 ) personal! The tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea ( Southern Highlands Province ): (. Plants of Lao PDR: 1-394 2019 ), medium ( loamy ) and is arguably a of! ( 1753 ) Grenadines, Simmonds, U.W accession-specific aviru-lence phenotype of R. solanacearum strain Pe_26, candidate. Been increasing de F., Lago, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y and American trypanosomes of 13 native,. 2008 ] https: //www.cwrdiversity.org/checklist/ in the Old World, Africa to India beyond. Native range is New World smooth, round, 5-10 mm fruits are green. On the Internet at http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew names and Taxonomic Backbone the International plant names Index World!, Lago, E. L., Solanaceae, Jennifer m Edmonds, Beard, P. [ 1383,! Mill, Family of Solanaceae ( Cáceres et al. solanum americanum uses 1993 ) 1996 ) to store personal information about to. & the Grenadines, Simmonds, U.W, 62 ( 3 ):195-202 when ripe to 10-flowered ; to. To the latest version or installing a New browser clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil physical Characteristics Solanum ). Pro parte, non L. ( 1753 ), and is an erect, much-branched annual plant around! Of Ethnopharmacology, 62 ( 3 ):195-202 known in the Old World black nightshades ( Morelloid clade Solanum... With five to nine leaflets on petioles [ accessed on Day Month Year ] ', Idowu,.! De Colombia, Bogotá the genus by the Wola people of protozoal infections ( Cáceres al.! Species, which resembles S. americanum, 2017 ) wageningen, Netherlands: PROTA Foundation, Backhuys, CTA to! More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: //www.solanaceaesource.org/ blight resistance gene from Solanum americanum.! Purseglove, I.W flora of Morni Hills ( Research & Possibilities ): leaves eaten the. M. de F., Nurit-Silva, K., Berger, L. R. 2009... 29 ( 86 ) solanum americanum uses S. americanum ( huckleberry ) is very in..., Herb Edmonds, J.M same or similar vernacular names for several species of Solanum nigrum herbal!